A Must Read! The Relevance Of Philosophy To Everyday Living

Occasionally we head it said that it doesn’t matter what a person believes so long as he does the thing. Some people, in other words, have a tendency to value action or deeds over beliefs and convictions. But ideas are the foundation of action, and a person is not likely to make any determined effort to act unless he reckons something. Communism as we know it would probably not have come into being if Marx had not laid it’s foundations in his philosophy; once men accepted his ideas, it was almost inevitable that these ideas should be expressed in action. There is a deep tendency in us all to become whatever we think ourselves to be; as a result, ideas have a decisive power in human history. One writer says:
This capacity to believe is the most significant and fundamental human faculty, and the most importance thing about a man is what he believes in the depth of his being. This is the thing that makes him what he is the thing that organizes him and feeds him; that keeps him going in the face of untoward circumstances; the thing that gives him resistance and drive. Let neutrality confusion, indifference or skepticism enter this inner place, and the very springs of life will cease to flow Men will quit, lose heart, yield, give up, become bitter or cynical, become sunk in bleakness or emptiness commit suicide, turn to criminality, or retreat into realm of phantasy.
Let us summarize briefly some of the things that philosophy can do for us, showing why it is that person needs a philosophy.
1. Each person must make decisions and acts: If we are to decide wisely and act prevalently, we need to discover values and the meaning of things. Life compels us to make choices and to act on the basis if some scale if values. We have to decide questions of truth and falsity, of beauty and ugliness, and if right and wrong. The search for standards and goals is an important part of the task of philosophy. Philosophy is interested in the qualitative facet of things. It refuses to overlooked any authentic aspect of human experience and seeks to formidable standards and goals in the most reasonable way. After asking the question, “What is the use of philosophy?” Jacques Maritain says that it remains men if the supreme utility of those things which do not de with means, but with ends. For men do not live only by bread , vitamins, and technological discoveries. They live by values and realities which are above time and are worth knowing for their own sake.
2. Our conduct is our own, and we are really free only when we rely upon inner controls or self-chosen ends. If a man acts as he does merely because if custom or tradition or the law, he is not genuinely free. When asked what good his philosophy did him, Aristotle remarked that it enabled him to do willingly what other men did only because of fear of the law. That man is free who is the author of the principles and law by which he lives. In an ideal society, each person would affirmed with every law or, if he did not like the law, would ceriticize it and agitate for a vary. He would do this on the basis of facts and principles where were prevalent.
3. Philosophy is one of the best means to foster the habit of reflection. Philosophy can help us to enlarge the area of our awareness to become more alive, more discerning, more critical and more intelligent. In many specialized fields of knowledge there is a definite and specific body of facts, and students bare given problems so that they will gain practice in arriving vat the right answers quickly and easily. In philosophy, however, there are different points of view to be considered, and there are unsolved problems, which are important for life. Consequently, there student’s sense of wonder, is curiosity, and is speculative interest are kept alive.
4. We live in an age of uncertainty and change when many of the older beliefs and ways of doing things are inadequate. Under such conditions we need a scale of values and a sense of direction. Just as we feel physical discomfort when we are in the midst of material disorder and moral injustice, so there is intellectual discomfort in there presence of fragmentary and perplexed views of the world. Without some unity of outlook and response, there may result, as Irwin Edman has pointed out, a divided self, which in turn may lead to psychological tensions or nervous collapse. One way we can gain unity in a world in turmoil is to achieve an inner integration, to know what to approve and what to disapprove, and lastly to gain a sense of the meaning of human existence.

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